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1280px-Carmilla

Carmilla is a gothic novella by Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu. It began serialization in December 1871, was completed in 1872, and was collected with four other stories for LeFanu's In a Glass Darkly later that year.

Synopsis Edit

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Themes Edit

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Adaptations  Edit

Films/Television Series/Mini-series Edit

  • Vampyr (English: Vampire; 1932, Germany-Tobis Filmkunst), Screenplay: Christen Jul; Director: Carl Theodor Dreyer
  • Blood and Roses (1961, Paramount), Screenplay: Roger Vadim, Roger Vailland; Director: Roger Vadim
  • La cripta e l’incubo (English: Crypt of the Vampire; 1964, Italy-E.I. Associates Producers and Hispamer Films), Screenplay: Tonino Valerii and Ernesto Gastaldi; Director: Camillo Mastrocinque
  • Carmilla (1968, Sweden -Omega Film), Director/Writer: Claes Felbom
  • The Vampire Lovers (1970, United States-American International Pictures and Hammer Film Productions), Screenplay: Tudor Gates; Director: Roy Ward Baker
  • Lust for a Vampire (1971, United Kingdom-Hammer Film Productions), Screenplay: Tudor Gates; Director: Jimmy Sangster
  • Twins of Evil (1971, United Kingdom-Rank Organisation and Hammer Film Productions), Screenplay: Tudor Gates; Director: John Hough
  • La Novia Ensangrentada (English: The Blood Spattered Bride; 1972, Spain-Morgana Films), Screenplay: N/A; Director: Vicente Aranda
  • Alucarda, la hija de las tinieblas (English: Alucarda, the daughter of darkness; 1977, France-Paris Festival of Fantastic Films), Screenplay: Alexis Arroyo and Juan L. Moctezuma; Director: Juan L. Moctezuma
  • Carmilla (1980, Poland-N/A), Screenplay: Janusz Kondratiuk; Director: Janusz Kondratiuk
  • Carmilla (1998, USA), Writer/Director: Jay Lind
  • Carmilla (1999,USA-Scorpio Pictures), Director/Writer: Tom LePine, Denise Templeton
  • Vampire Hunter D: Bloodlust (2000, Canada-Fantasia International Film Festival), Screenplay: Yoshiaki Kawajiri; Director: Yoshiaki Kawajiri
  • Vampires vs. Zombies (2004, United States-Creepy Six Films), Screenplay: N/A; Director: Vince D’Amato
  • The Batman vs. Dracula (2005, United States-Warner Bros. Animation), Screenplay: Duane Capizzi; Director: Michael Goguen
  • Mircalla (2008, Germany-N/A), Screenplay: N/A; Director: Christian Juers
  • Lesbian Vampire Killers (2009, United States-South by Southwest Film Festival), Screenplay: Stewart Williams and Paul Hupfield; Director: Phil Claydon
  • Kakumeiki Valvrave (English: Valvrave the Liberator; 2013, Japan-Sunrise), Screenplay: N/A; Director: Kou Matsuo
  • Styria (2014, Mexico-Like Fire Productions, MCMD Films, and Pioneer Pictures), Screenplay: Mauricio Chernovetzky and Mark Devendorf; Director: Mauricio Chernovetzky and Mark Devendorf
  • Carmilla (2014, VerveGirlTV), Writer: Joran Hall; Director: Spencer Maybee

Television Single Episodes Edit

  • Mystery and Imagination, "Carmilla" (1966, United Kingdom: Season 2, Episode 4), Series Creator: N/A; Writer: Stanley Miller; Director: Bill Bain
  • Nightmare Classics: “Carmilla” (1989, United States: Unknown Season, Episode 2), Series Creator: N/A; Writer: Jonathan Furst; Director: Gabrielle Beaumont
  • The Hunger, “A Matter of Style” (1997, United States: Season 1, Episode 13), Series Creator: N/A; Writer: Craig Miller and David Shore; Director: John Hamilton

Plays Edit

  • Carmilla (1932,Ireland-Edwards-Mac Liammoir Gate Theatre), Dramatist: Lord Longford
  • Carmilla (1970, USA-Annex Theatre), Dramatist: Wilford Leach
  • Krankheit oder Moderne Frauen. Wie ein Stück. (English: Illness or Modern Women; 1984, Germany: Manuskripte of Graz), Dramatist: Elfriede Jelinek
  • Carmilla (1994, Germany: Studio-Theatre Saarbruecken), Dramatist: Friedhelm Schneidewind
  • Carmilla (1997; Germany-Theatre im Viertel), Dramatists: Friedhelm Schneidewind and Ulrike Schneidewind
  • Carmilla (2011, United States: Wildclaw Theater), Dramatist: Aly Renee Amidei
  • Carmilla (2014, United States: Joe’s Underground Theater Group), Dramatist: David MacDowell

Graphic Novels/Comics/Illustrated Books Edit

  • Creepy, Issue: 19 (1968, USA), Writers: Archie Goodwin, Craig Tennis
  • Vampirella (1969, N/A), Writer: Archie Goodwin; Illustrator: Jose Gonzalez
  • Glass Mask (Vol. 17; 1980, Japan), Writer: Suzue Miuchi; Illustrator: N/A
  • Carmilla (1991, N/A), Writer: Steven Jones; Illustrator: John Ross
  • Gothic Classics (2007, USA -Graphic Classics) Adapted by Rod Lott; Artist: Lisa K. Weber 

Novelizations/Young-Adult Literature/Textual Adaptations Edit

  • Anno Dracula (1992, N/A), Author: Kim Newman
  • Carmilla: The Return (1998, N/A), Author: Kyle Marffin
  • High School DxD (2008, N/A), Writer: Ichiei Ishibumi; Illustrator: Miyama-Zero
  • Carmilla: The Wolves of Styria (2012, United States), Author: David Brian
  • Carmilla: A Dark Fugue (2013, N/A), Author: David Brian
  • Carmilla’s Lament: An Erotic Vampire Tale (2013,USA), Author: Catheirne Rose
  • Carmilla: Prelude to Dracula (2014, United States), Author: Timothy Baril

Sequels, Parodies, and Appropriations Edit

  • Crypt of the Vampire (1964, Italy-E.I. Associates Producers), Screenplay:Tonino Valerii; Director: Camillo Mastrocinque
  • Shadow Tracker: Vampire Hunter (1999,USA), Director/Writer: Joe Bagna
  • Barely Legal Lesbian Vampires: The Curse of Ed Wood! (2003, USA), Director/Writer: Tim R. Swartz
  • A Feast of Flesh (2007 USA-Happy Cloud Pictures), Director/Writer: Mike Watt
  • Vampire Killers (2009, UK-Alliance Films), Screenplay: Stewart Williams, Director: Phil Claydon
  • The Curse of Styria (2014, USA/Hungary-LIke Fire Productions), Screenplay: Mauricio Chernovetzky, Director: Mauricio Chernovetzky, Mark Devendorf

Cameos and Other Appearances in Popular Culture Edit

  • In six of the Castlevania games; Circle of the Moon, Rondo of Blood, its PSP remake Dracula X Chronicles, Simon's Quest, Judgment, and Lords of Shadow; there is a female vampire named Carmilla (also spelled Camilla in Circle of the Moon).
  • The video game version of Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban contains a Chocolate Frog Card/Famous Witches and Wizards Card of a vampire named Lady Carmilla Sanguina, who believed that blood would retain her health and beauty, so she bathed in the blood of her victims. The surname Sanguina is derived from the Latin sanguineus, which means "of blood," "bloody," or "bloodthirsty." She is dated to be born in 1561 and died in 1757, aged 196. References in other media.
  • In episode 36 of The Return of Ultraman, the monster of the week in the episode, Draculas, originates from a planet named Carmilla. He also possesses the corpse of a woman as his human disguise.
  • The Doctor Who serial State of Decay features a vampire named Camilla who in a brief but explicit moment finds much to 'admire' in the Doctor's female travelling companion Romana who finds she has to turn away from the vampire's intense gaze.
  • There is a Japanese lesbians' magazine named after Carmilla, as Carmilla "draws hetero women into the world of love between women".[18] * In the HBO TV series True Blood, in episodes 5 and 6 of season 2, a hotel in Dallas, Texas has been built for vampires called "Hotel Carmilla". They have heavy shaded rooms, and provide room service of human "snacks" (with blood type and sexuality) for their vampire clientele.
  • Mortal Instruments (2007-14) Author: Cassandra Clare

Resources Edit